69. Teardrops of the Christmas Tree: A Memorable Childhood Reading Experience

Professor Qiuying Lydia Wang is an accomplished scholar in literacy studies. Born and raised in northern China, she now teaches at the Oklahoma State University. We collaborated for more than a year organizing the “Border Crossing in Children’s Literature” Symposium and brought dozens of researchers to the Cotsen Children’s Library, Princeton University last month to exchange their latest scholarship on international, multicultural, and translated children’s literature. We were able to steal a little time after the intense work to relax in a café with Helen. As we were chatting, Lydia told us about her childhood reading and related the story that had touched her the most. We were spellbound by both her retelling and her personal story, and asked if she would write it up for us. We are delighted to share it here.

Teardrops of the Christmas Tree

Qiuying Lydia Wang
Translated by Helen Wang

A teenage Lydia in northern China.

I was quite a sickly child. On days when I couldn’t go to school, my working parents had no choice but to leave me home all by myself. We didn’t have a television, never mind a computer, and I passed the time listening to the radio and reading.

In those days families were bigger, and it was quite a struggle to keep warm and get enough to eat. My parents were able to buy a few “leisure books” (books that weren’t textbooks) for us, and that was already a luxury. At home we had magazines like Children’s Literature儿童文学, Fiction Monthly小说月刊 and Novella中篇小说, and a few classics of Chinese and foreign literature, like Journey to the West西游记 and Gone with the Wind.

I don’t remember my parents ever reading with us. They were busy chasing everyday life, and didn’t have any spare time. But my family valued reading, and my sister was such a bookworm. She was often found with a book in hand, reading and chuckling, oblivious to her surroundings. She would get so caught up in a story that she forgot to eat. I have my sister to thank for my love of books!

You can’t always name a particular reason why a book or a story appeals to you as a child. Of all the stories I have read, the one that stands out in my memory is “Teardrops of the Christmas Tree,” which I read in Children’s Literature. For some reason I associate this story with Wang Anyi, a woman writer I adore.

The story is set in a school in Beijing, in the midst of winter. One of the girls in the class – I’ll call her Xiaoli, but I can’t remember what her name is – brings a German advent calendar to school. Her father has been on a work trip to Germany and has brought it back for her. There are twenty-four little doors – starting from the first of December, you can open one door every day, and when they are all open, it’s Christmas Day. There is a little surprise gift behind each door, and Xiaoli has brought the calendar to school, so that the whole class can share the excitement.

The story is told in the first person, by a girl narrator. She describes how for the next two weeks, Xiaoli becomes the focus of attention, how they cannot wait to go to school to see her open the next little door, and try to guess what the next little surprise might be. But behind the joy simmer envy and jealousy.

One day, at playtime, the little girl has tummy ache, and is sent back to the empty classroom to rest. Curiosity (and jealousy) gets the better of her, and no one being around, she takes down the calendar and opens the rest of the little doors.

When the children come back from playtime, Xiaoli discovers that the advent calendar has gone, and bursts into tears. The other children are upset too, and the class descends into chaos.

The teacher asks if anyone can explain what has happened. When no one speaks up, all eyes turn to a quiet, thin little boy nicknamed Stubby. His family is so desperately poor that he has to pick up discarded pencil stubs so that he can do his homework. When Stubby’s father comes to remove him from the school, he doesn’t say a word. Stubby never steps foot inside the school again.

The other children grow up and go to college, and then find jobs in other cities. The little girl never sees Stubby again. But every winter, and every time she goes back to Beijing, she thinks about him, and feels full of remorse. She longs for a chance to apologize to him. Eventually, she goes to visit their old teacher, and the whole story comes out, the secret that she has suppressed inside her for so many years. The teacher says nothing for a while, then silently wipes away the tears at the corners of his eyes.  Finally, he says that Stubby has died fighting for them all in the Sino-Vietnamese War.

I can’t tell you how many times I read that story when I was little. And each time, I would weep when I reached this point in the story. I’d love to read it again, but I’ve never been able to find it. With the passing of time, I can’t remember all the details of the story, not even the girl’s name, but the impact of that story was so strong! It has stayed with me all my life.


I (Minjie) am doubly moved by Lydia’s essay, first by the short story that she shared, and secondly by witnessing the lasting impact that literature has upon a tender mind. Lydia could not be 100% certain of its author, much less recall the names of all the fictional characters (except for a hurtful nickname), but retold the story in gripping detail nonetheless. I have known Lydia as a research partner and a close friend for almost a decade. Learning about her most memorable childhood reading has deepened my understanding of an old friend in a way that no other interaction does. On a personal level, I find it fitting that Lydia, one of the kindest and most generous friends I have met, had, as a child, a profound appreciation of a story about missteps and remorse. On a professional level, I find it a great blessing that Lydia, a beloved college professor who educates pre-service teachers, had been so impressed by a cautionary tale that warns of the grave errors that educational authorities can make, and the long-term impact of such errors on students, staff and their families.

Lydia’s account sent me down a path of bibliographical sleuthing. As Lydia suspected, the author of “Teardrops of the Christmas Tree” is likely not Wang Anyi王安忆, a leading figure in contemporary Chinese literature, but another woman writer with a similar background—Cheng Wei程玮. Both were born in Jiangsu province in the 1950s. Early in her literary career, Wang Anyi was one of the editors of Children’s Epoch儿童时代, the influential children’s magazine founded by Soong Ching-ling (Madame Sun Yat-sen). That perhaps contributed to Lydia’s mix-up.

Cheng Wei, the famous young adult author, now based in Germany (Image source: Eastday.com).

Cheng Wei is an author of young adult novels, a script writer, and translator, who rose to stardom during the 1980s. She is our best guess because one of her short stories is titled “Teardrops of the Christmas Tree” 圣诞树上的泪珠, first appearing in Literature and Arts for Adolescents少年文艺 (Nanjing edition) in 1981 and reprinted in an anthology of her short stories White Shells白色的贝壳 (2008). Cheng is best known for her YA novel A Girl’s Red Hairpin少女的红发卡and script of the award-winning Chinese coming-of-age movie In Their Teens豆蔻年华, which was a huge hit in 1989. Cheng now lives in Germany and still writes children’s literature for Chinese readers. Her latest works include Sundays with Alice series周末与爱丽丝聊天 and Sundays with Milan series周末与米兰聊天, with cross-cultural themes.

White Shells (2008) by Cheng Wei. (Image source: Amazon.cn)

A Girl’s Red Hairpin by Cheng Wei (Image source: Amazon.cn)


68. The Cao Wenxuan Children’s Literature Award

Since Cao Wenxuan is the most famous writer of children’s literature in China and also the one most well-known abroad, it was no surprise that there would eventually be a prize in his name. In fact, there are already two: The Bronze and Sunflower Award 青铜葵花奖 and the Cao Wenxuan Children’s Literature Award 曹文轩儿童文学奖. The Cao Wenxuan Children’s Literature Award was inaugurated in April 2017, with the aim to promote children’s literature in China, to encourage young writers, to promote Chinese literature abroad and to make Jiangsu province a major centre for the development of children’s literature in China.

Six months later, in October, the jury had received 1696 entries by writers from China and abroad. It must have been a formidable task to go through all these works, but in the end the 21 ladies and gentlemen in the jury selected five previously unpublished full-length works by established writers and eight unpublished short stories by young and upcoming writers as “Outstanding works”. The jury could not agree on a recipient for the main award. Continue reading

67. Chinese dinosaurs in an English village

The Linton Children’s Book Festival takes place this weekend, in the beautiful English village of Linton, not far from Cambridge.  I was invited to introduce DONG Yanan’s book Express Delivery from Dinosaur World yesterday, and the event was fully booked! 32 young readers (some as young as two years old) came along with their parents.

The event took place at the Linton Village College. There were eight tables in our room, and pencils and paper available on each. There was a lot of spontaneous drawing of dinosaurs!

After a very brief introduction, we moved on to three key activities. The first two were from Dong Yanan’s book.

Activity 1: Cross the Dinosaur Mountain – looking for creatures in the mountains

Activity 2: Spot the Difference

The third activity was a puzzle about the names of dinosaurs. Each group had a packet with pieces of paper relating to eight dinosaurs: a picture of the dinosaur, its scientific name, the meaning of its scientific name, its Chinese name, and the individual characters in the Chinese name. Could the groups arrange the pieces of paper into eight groups? No problem! I’ve created language/translation based activities like this one before, and it’s amazing to see how people approach the task in very different ways.


Most groups started with Triceratops, because they know (or can guess) that it means “three horned head”.

When they see how the Chinese names for dinosaurs are constructed, they can then invent their own. And here is the first picture ever of the Tesanyilong  特三翼龙  the “special three-winged dinosaur” created at the Linton Children’s Book Festival on 19 February 2018.

IMG_4421[1].JPG IMG_4420[1]


66. Children’s Books in China 2018 (and 2017)

These two supplements from Publishers Weekly were prepared by Teri Tan, who has been covering children’s publishing in Asia since at least 2009. You can download them or read the individual articles and publisher profiles via the links below. A full list of Teri Tan’s articles for Publishers Weekly is available here.

Children’s Books in China: Special Report 2018


Download the entire 2018 supplement here – or read the individual feature articles:

Profile of 15 Children’s Publishers in Alphabetical Order:

Additional Online Articles

Related Reads from PW

Children’s Books in China: Special Report 2017



Download the entire 2017 supplement here – or read the individual feature articles:

Profile of 10 Children’s Publishers in Alphabetical Order:


65. “The Tortoise Family Goes to the Sea” and “Blind Little Red Riding Hood”


Cover of The Tortoise Family Goes to the Sea (Chinese edition)

One of the many Chinese awards for picture books is the Feng Zikai Children’s Picture Book Award 丰子恺儿童图画书奖. The latest, and 5th, awards were announced last summer and I’ve recently read two of the books on that list – one that won an award, and one that had to make do with getting included in the shortlist (no small feat).  Continue reading

62. The NCTA Freeman Book Awards

The 2017 NCTA Freeman Book Awards have just been announced. I’m delighted that Bronze and Sunflower has won the young adult/middle school literature award, and that An’s Seed received an honourable mention. I didn’t really know what the Freeman awards were about. Who better to ask than David Jacobson, whose book Are You an Echo? received an honourable mention last year to tell us about the prize, and what winning meant to him.  Continue reading

60. Getting to Know Rural Young Chinese Readers and Their World(s)

I recently had the privilege of visiting four schools in southern Zhejiang Province and talking to students from three of them about books, reading, and learning. It was part of an outreach program organized by the local public library of my hometown, where I was visiting family in late November 2017. The library hoped a librarian’s lecture like mine would instill a love of reading into the fresh and curious minds of those students. At the end of the tour, however, I knew I was bestowed with so much more from those young people than they learned from my static PowerPoint slides. Continue reading